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A geographer is a scholar whose area of study is geography, the study of the Earth's surface, including both the natural environment and the human society.

Geographers' Generic Skills

  • literacy: language and style, qualitative analysis, conceptual models
  • numeracy: measurement, sampling and statistics, quantitative analysis
  • graphicacy: graphs/ maps/ diagrams, graphic design

Components of Geographers' Research Process

  • finding background information and setting research objectives
  • literature review
  • research methodology
  • data collection
  • data analysis
  • conclusion
  • presentation of findings

Unique Skills Possessed by Geographers

  • fieldwork: exploration, observation and experiment, field monitoring, qualitative assessment
  • Earth Observation (EO) and Geographical Information Systems (GIS): aerial photographs and satellite images, environmental monitoring and modelling, spatial analysis
  • maps: cartographic description, cartographic analysis, spatial representation

Applications of Geography

  • in the research frontiers: input to policy-making and the setting of research agendas
  • involvement of geographers on key committees and working parties (e.g. urban planning)
  • parts of an interdisciplinary team to tackle major global or regional problems
  • a specific contract or consultancy to address and offer solutions to a current issue (e.g. giving advice to governments or private enterprises)
Applications of geography

What do geographers do?